2011 a new mountain pass was discovered in the Lomseggen mountains in Norway. The receding ice of the Lendbreen glacier revealed an ancient pathway that humans used to get from one part of Norway to the other.
A team of the Inlandet County Council and the NTNU University Museum, as well as the University of Cambridge, explored this old path. And they found a treasure trove of ancient Viking artifacts.
Some of the artifacts were dated back to 300 CE and others to 1000 CE. The mountain pass is not very long but it was clearly marked so travelers thousands of years ago would be able to find their way.
After some centuries of sometimes heavy use, it seems that the mountain pass was abandoned. Much colder weather from the 14th century onwards made its use impossible.
The time periods those artifacts originated from correspond to the Roman Climate Optimum as well as the Medieval Climate Optimum. Two warm periods during which much warmer weather had opened this mountain pass for human voyagers.
Lets put this in perspective. For the entire 19th and 20th centuries (and supposedly some centuries before those), the pass was impassible. It was not even known to man anymore. People had forgotten that there used to be a path that could be used during the second half of Medieval times.
But during the Medieval Warm Period, the pass was open. We may also confidently assume that transportation technology has been less sophisticated 800 years ago than it is today. This means that during hundreds of years or even almost a Millenium ago it must have been warmer than it was during the last two centuries or more. We don’t need a thermometer for that.
But this is by no means the only evidence that points this way. In fact, now we live through the Modern Warm Period. Consequently, some of the Arctic ice melts. And a whole treasure trove of findings in many parts of the world reveals themselves to our prying eyes. They show us that there were significant natural warm periods hundreds and even thousands of years ago.
The German television channel ARD aired a feature on March 11th, 2020, featuring the graves of whale hunters on Spitzbergen. Those wale hunters lived and died during the Medieval Climate Optimum and if they died there they were also buried there. Several men were found to be buried in wooden coffins in the soft dirt.
Not in the Permafrost but in the dirt. This means that it must have been warm enough for the Permafrost to melt as otherwise, this would not have been possible. Spitzbergen and Jan Mayen (another island) belong to Norway but they are both far north from the mainland.
Today, those islands are covered in Permafrost even during summers. This means that it must have been a good deal warmer during the Medieval Climate Optimum than today.
If we go a little to the West, the giant island of Greenland hits us. And even there plenty of evidence of far warmer times than today emerge from the ice. Thawing Permafrost landscapes liberate entire forests of rootstocks. There have been forests where there is only ice today. Permanent human settlements are dug up and their garbage reveals barley and other grains that don’t grow on Greenland where they are found today.
Those settlements were no simple hunters outposts. They were permanent as all features of social life including children’s toys are found. The name Greenland was once not a name – it was a description. Greenland was indeed green with forests and grasses. And those forests have not been there hundreds of thousands of years ago. They were real and green only hundreds of years as carbon-dating shows.
More water on the mills of those that say it must have been a good deal warmer during those times.
But all we hear from the Climate Alarmist fraction is that it is warmer than ever now and that this is all human-made. They also say that never during the last 11000 years were temperatures as warm as they are today. When we have clear evidence that it is otherwise.
And it was no regional phenomenon either. A recent Chinese study concluded that temperatures in four regions including Tibet during the Medieval Climate Optimum were quite a bit higher than they are today. Thats on the other side of the world.
Further corroboration comes from the ice cores of the Vostok drilling in Antarctica. The Medieval Climate Optimum was a truly global phenomenon. And it lasted for way more than only one century.
What’s true for the Medieval Climate Optimum must also hold true for the Roman Climate Optimum. And all the many other warm periods during the last 11000 years. It’s a natural cycle as, during all those prior warm periods, humans did not put additional CO2 into the atmosphere giving rise to a theory of warming that could never be proven.
But how do we get those always rising temperature scales?
Picking the right starting point is more than half the rent hee. Because temperatures did not rise in one day and neither did they drop in one day at the end of a warm period. The Little Ice Age followed the Medieval Climate Optimum. This means that somewhere during the Medieval Climate Optimum, peak warm for the period was reached, and from that moment on it gets successively colder.
Until a peak cold was reached during the Little Ice Age in turn. This seems to have occurred somewhere after the year 1600.
So, simply pick anywhere after 1650 or so and start your simulation there. Suddenly you have a nice upwards curve which then you can use to impress the coming danger of ACC onto others.
It also comes in very handy that the Industrial Revolution started around the middle of the 18th century. And with it started increased emissions from human activities. This makes for a quite compelling story – doesn’t it?
Humans started to put more CO2 into the air and temperatures start to rise.
But how does this explain the Norvegian mountain passes that were used 1000 years ago? How the buried whalers in Spitzbergen, how forests in Greenland? It can’t.
And alarmists don’t have good answers to those questions. Thats why they refuse to debate them.
The only truly valid reference period is the last 11.000 years. Thats when humanity rose from prairie dwellers to become what we are today. During this time the climate was warm enough for us to thrive. And any theory that can’t explain how it was warmer than today before the Industrial Age is not worth being discussed at all.
And thats what all those models and projections are. Theories – which means they are opinions. Their religious insistence on short reference periods reveals them.